BIRNBAUM, PHILIP (1904–1988), U.S. author and translator. Birnbaum was born in Zamowiec, Poland, and immigrated to the United States in 1923. He attended Howard College and completed a Ph.D. degree at Dropsie College. In 1942, he published his dissertation, a critical, scientific edition of the Arabic commentary of the Karaite Yefet Ben Ali, on the Book of Hosea. Birnbaum's edition of Yefet Ben Ali's work was edited from eight manuscripts and included an English language introduction, a translation into Hebrew of the Arabic original, and critical notes on the text. But Birnbaum's talent and lasting contribution was in popularizing Jewish law and custom, and in translating synagogue liturgy. His popular works included A Treasury of Judaism (1957), A Book of Jewish Concepts (1975), The Concise Jewish Bible (1977), and a selection of the Maimonides Code, the Mishneh Torah (1944, 1967), with Hebrew and English translation. Birnbaum was widely known and respected for his fine translation and annotation of synagogue liturgy. His editions of liturgy for daily prayer, Sabbath, festivals, and the High Holidays became immensely popular, selling an estimated 300,000 copies. The Hebrew Publishing Company described him, at his death, as "the most obscure bestselling author." Birnbaum was a regular columnist and book reviewer for the Hebrew-language weekly, Hadoar. He also served on the board of directors of the Histadrut Ivrit b'America, an American association for the promotion of Hebrew language and culture. He also served for many years (1943–63) as principal of a Jewish day school in Wilmington, Delaware, and directed Jewish schools in Birmingham, Alabama, and Camden, New Jersey. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: New York Times, B5 (March 22, 1988). (Moshe Sherman (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Birnbaum — ( de. pear tree ) may refer to:* Birnbaum an der Warthe and Kreis Birnbaum, today Międzychód, a city and county in Posen district, Poland * Birnbaum (Franconian Forest) , a city in the Franconian Forest * Birnbaum (Gummersbach), a district of… …   Wikipedia

  • Philip Birnbaum — (1904 1988; also Paltiel Birnbaum) was an author and translator, best known for his translation and annotation of the siddur (Jewish Prayer Book), first published in 1949. BiographyBirnbaum was born in Kielce, Poland and emigrated to the United… …   Wikipedia

  • Birnbaum [1] — Birnbaum (Pirophŏrum Med., hierzu Tafel »Birnen«), Gruppe der Pflanzengattung Pirus (s. d.). Unser sogen. wilder B. (P. Achras Gärtn.), der nicht selten in unsern Wäldern, besonders aber in Südeuropa vorkommt, stammt wahrscheinlich aus China und… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Philip Gabriel — is one of the major translators into English of the works of the Japanese novelist Haruki Murakami.J. Philip Gabriel is also the translator of works by Nobel Prize winner Kenzaburo Oe, such as Somersault , and Senji Kuroi, such as Life in the Cul …   Wikipedia

  • Alfred Birnbaum — is one of the major translators into English of the works of the Japanese novelist Haruki Murakami.Alfred Birnbaum was born in the U.S. in 1955 and raised in Japan from age five. He studied at Waseda University, Tokyo, under a Japanese Ministry… …   Wikipedia

  • Underground (stories) — infobox Book | name = Underground title orig = アンダーグラウンド Andāguraundo translator = Alfred Birnbaum, Philip Gabriel image caption= US cover author = Haruki Murakami cover artist = Cathryn S. Aison country = Japan language = Japanese series =… …   Wikipedia

  • Menorah (Temple) — A reconstruction of the Menorah of the Temple created by the Temple Institute The menorah (Hebrew: מְנוֹרָה‎ [mənoːˈɾaː]) is described in the Bible as the seven branched ancient lampstand made of gold and used in the portable sanctuary set up by… …   Wikipedia

  • Aum Shinrikyo — Formation 1984 Type New Religious Movement, Syncreticism Membership 1,650 Key people Shoko Asahara Aum Shinrikyo (currently known as Aleph) was a Japanese new religious mov …   Wikipedia

  • Jay Rubin — (b. 1941) is an American academic and translator. He is most notable for being one of the main translators into English of the works of the Japanese novelist Haruki Murakami. He also wrote a guide to Japanese, Making Sense of Japanese (original… …   Wikipedia

  • Torah — Sefer Torah at old Glockengasse Synagogue (reconstruction), Cologne The Torah (English pronunciation: /ˈtɔːrə/; Hebrew …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.